18K GOLD SNAKE CHAIN. 18K GOLD


18K GOLD SNAKE CHAIN. WEBER ONE TOUCH GOLD GREEN.



18k Gold Snake Chain





18k gold snake chain






    snake chain
  • A chain made up of round wavy metal rings joined side by side to form a flexible tube with a smooth, scaly texture like snake skin.

  • A type of chain with links that fit together to form a bendable, often tubular chain.

  • A chain composed of a series of small linked cups.





    gold
  • An alloy of this

  • coins made of gold

  • amber: a deep yellow color; "an amber light illuminated the room"; "he admired the gold of her hair"

  • A yellow precious metal, the chemical element of atomic number 79, valued esp. for use in jewelry and decoration, and to guarantee the value of currencies

  • made from or covered with gold; "gold coins"; "the gold dome of the Capitol"; "the golden calf"; "gilded icons"

  • A deep lustrous yellow or yellow-brown color





    18k
  • The carat (abbreviation ct or kt) is a measure of the purity of gold alloys. In the United States and Canada, the spelling karat is used.











18k gold snake chain - 10k Yellow




10k Yellow Gold .60mm Solid Diamond-Cut Snake Chain Necklace, 18"


10k Yellow Gold .60mm Solid Diamond-Cut Snake Chain Necklace, 18"



The Klassics gold jewelry collection is designed to be just the way it sounds: classic. All pieces included in this collection are pure 10k gold – they are not filled, plated or dipped. Jewelry manufactured from 10k gold does not react with other elements to create tarnish, resulting in a lustrous finish day-in and day-out. This precious metal is lustrous and never goes out of style. It is suited for everyday use because 10k gold is more durable and less likely to bend than higher-karat gold jewelry, and is more affordable. The Klassics collection offers pieces in both traditional 10k yellow gold as well as 10k white gold for a more modern and relevant look, and specializes in classic hoop earrings and basic chains. The 10k gold Klassics earring collection includes hoops in all sizes, millimeters and diameters. From the most affordable endless hoop earring to the more fashionable larger earrings, all are made for pierced ears and finished with strong 10k gold closures. Each style is available in both white and yellow gold so you can match your earrings with your outfit. They are the perfect gift for anyone, and they are the building blocks of a basic jewelry wardrobe. Smaller hoop earrings can be worn for a more subtle look, or throw on a pair of bigger hoops when you feel like being noticed – and complimented. Regardless of age, occasion, or decade, a hoop earring is always appropriate. Feel secure knowing that you are wearing real karat gold jewelry in a time-honored design. The 10k gold Klassics basic chain collection offers a comprehensive selection, including all of the essential and necessary styles to add to your everyday jewelry wardrobe. These chains come in a variety of lengths and millimeter sizes, and are offered in both white and yellow gold. Durable box chains are perfect for pendants or charms, and have a clean, modern look. Or opt for the delicately elegant Singapore chain, in a twisted design that never fails to catch the light. The snake chain is shiny and sleek - and strong enough to hold your heavier pieces so you don’t have to worry. Our solid diamond-cut rope chains are hand-made, sturdy, and substantial. All of the 10k gold chains in this collection are perfect to wear with your favorite collectible, yet are equally beautiful worn alone to add a subtle gleam to any outfit. There is a piece of Klassics 10k gold jewelry for everyone. These are the pieces that you reach for everyday, the gifts you receive when you’re beginning your own special gold jewelry collection, and the pieces you keep adding to your jewelry box for a selection that is timeless.










85% (5)





9th year anniversary present




9th year anniversary present





1 carat ruby in a tri band of 18k gold (chain is a snake style chain in 14k)











gold square pendant




gold square pendant





22k gold, 18k gold, fine silver, horse creek jasper, 14k gold snake chain











18k gold snake chain








18k gold snake chain




18k Yellow Gold Plated Sterling Silver 16" and 18" Snake Chain Necklaces, Set of Two






The set of two 18k Gold-Plated Sterling Silver Snake Chain Necklaces measure 16 and 18 inches in length and are designed to create a layered look that's both sexy and refined. These necklaces create a graceful curve that flatters your neckline and collarbone while adding an effortless elegance to tunics, draped blouses, and silk tops. For a classic look, pair these necklaces with office favorites, or try them with a V-neck tee for an edgier yet still sophisticated look. For easy gift-giving and storage, they arrive in a blue suede pouch.










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24K SOLID GOLD JEWELRY. GOLD JEWELRY


24k Solid Gold Jewelry. Humana Gold Choice Provider. Gold And Diamond Heart Necklace.



24k Solid Gold Jewelry





24k solid gold jewelry






    solid gold
  • Solid Gold is the second album by the British post-punk band Gang of Four, released in 1981. Two of its tracks, "Outside the Trains Don't Run on Time" and "He'd Send in the Army", are re-recordings of songs previously released as a single in the UK.

  • Solid Gold Health Products For Pets, Inc. is a manufacturer and a world-wide supplier of holistic pet foods based in El Cajon, California. They also maintain distribution centers in Leipzig, Germany, Hong Kong, Singapore, Atsugi, Japan, and Espoo, Finland.

  • Solid Gold FM is a New Zealand radio network owned by MediaWorks New Zealand and dedicated to the music of the 1960s and 1970s. It began broadcasting in late 1997. The station appeals to an older market than most popular and rock music stations in New Zealand.





    jewelry
  • Personal ornaments, such as necklaces, rings, or bracelets, that are typically made from or contain jewels and precious metal

  • an adornment (as a bracelet or ring or necklace) made of precious metals and set with gems (or imitation gems)

  • (jeweler) jewelry maker: someone who makes jewelry

  • Jewellery ( or /?d?u??l?ri/) or jewelry (see American and British English spelling differences) is a form of personal adornment, manifesting itself as necklaces, rings, brooches, earrings and bracelets. Jewellery may be made from any material, usually gemstones, precious metals or shells.





    24k
  • The carat (abbreviation ct or kt) is a measure of the purity of gold alloys. In the United States and Canada, the spelling karat is used.

  • Felix Delgado (born December 18, 1974), better known by his stage name Cuban Link, is a Cuban rapper.











24k solid gold jewelry - Celtic Blue




Celtic Blue Butterfly Flowered Miniature Jewelry Chest Swarovski Crystals 24K Gold Trinket Box FREE SOLID STERLING SILVER CELTIC HEART NECKLACE AND FREE SHIP! Certificate of Authenticity


Celtic Blue Butterfly Flowered Miniature Jewelry Chest Swarovski Crystals 24K Gold Trinket Box FREE SOLID STERLING SILVER CELTIC HEART NECKLACE AND FREE SHIP! Certificate of Authenticity



Any Butterfly lover would adore this petite chest's celtic design. This Box is set with genuine Swarovski crystals for a beautiful sparkle. The concave top boasts a sparkling Butterfly. Perfect for jewelry or keepsakes.
Right now, we're shipping this treasure with our exquisite, Celtic Heart Necklace made of solid Sterling Silver! Measures 18 inches in length, and the heart is 5/8 inch square.
Chest Height: 1.7 inches
Chest Width: 2.75 inches
Chest Depth: 1.5 inches
Each of these collectibles is fashioned from fine pewter. Then it is hand enameled by our skilled artisans. Finally we set the piece with genuine Swarovski Crystals for vibrant sparkle. Also, many items are detailed in 24 Karat gold.
Our Collection adds the definitive touch to any gift-giving occasion. Also, these items have been issued in limited editions, so each piece will become a valuable keepsake to its owner, for years to come.
Please see other items in this collection in our Amazon Store: PSDZ, such as Jewelry Boxes, Business Card Holders, Music Boxes, Mezuzahs, Crosses, Picture Frames, Faberge style Egg Boxes, Candle Holders, Clocks, Holiday Boxes, Decorations, Perfume Bottles, Pins, Brooches, Earphones and more!
Please Note: Due To Time Consuming Customs Forms, We Ship Only Within The United States Of America, its Territories, and FPO/APO addresses. We support our troops!










82% (11)





Gold Heart Bracelet




Gold Heart Bracelet





Divine white heart shaped Keishi pearls handwired with brushed Vermeil (24k gold over solid Sterling Silver) Heart beads and Swarovski Crystals on solid 9ct Gold fine chain.











24K Solid Pure Gold Handmade Blue Topaz Dangle Earrings




24K Solid Pure Gold Handmade Blue Topaz Dangle Earrings





Material : 24K (985K) stamped solid pure gold. Hooks are 18K yellow gold.
Gemstone (s) : Natural Blue Topaz gemstones.
Carat : Blue Topaz gemstones are total 3.75 ctw









24k solid gold jewelry







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3 DOLLAR GOLD COINS : GOLD COINS


3 DOLLAR GOLD COINS : LARGE GOLD FILLED BEADS : SILKROAD GOLD FARMING.



3 Dollar Gold Coins





3 dollar gold coins






    gold coins
  • Coin minted in gold, such as the American Eagle or the Canadian Maple Leaf.

  • Gold dollar | Quarter Eagle ($2.50) | Three-dollar piece | Half Eagle ($5) | Eagle ($10) | Double Eagle ($20)

  • A gold coin is a coin made mostly or entirely of gold. Gold has been used for coins practically since the invention of coinage, originally because of gold's intrinsic value.





    3 dollar
  • (3 dollars) Three Dollars is a 2005 Australian film, directed by Robert Connolly and based on a novel of the same name by Elliot Perlman. It won the 2005 Australian Film Institute Award for Best Adapted Screenplay.











3 dollar gold coins - The Three




The Three Trillion Dollar War: The True Cost of the Iraq Conflict


The Three Trillion Dollar War: The True Cost of the Iraq Conflict



The true cost of the Iraq War is $3 trillion—and counting—rather than the $50 billion projected by the White House. Apart from its tragic human toll, the Iraq War will be staggeringly expensive in financial terms. This sobering study by Nobel Prize winner Joseph E. Stiglitz and Harvard professor Linda J. Bilmes casts a spotlight on expense items that have been hidden from the U.S. taxpayer, including not only big-ticket items like replacing military equipment (being used up at six times the peacetime rate) but also the cost of caring for thousands of wounded veterans—for the rest of their lives. Shifting to a global focus, the authors investigate the cost in lives and economic damage within Iraq and the region. Finally, with the chilling precision of an actuary, the authors measure what the U.S. taxpayer's money would have produced if instead it had been invested in the further growth of the U.S. economy. Written in language as simple as the details are disturbing, this book will forever change the way we think about the war.










89% (15)





1856-S $3.00 NGC AU58




1856-S $3.00 NGC AU58





Mintage: 34,500

San Francisco produced three dollar gold pieces for a total of five years (this includes the unique 1870-S and, thus, a case could be made for reducing this total to four), of these issues, the 1856-S is the most available but it is rare in properly graded AU58 and very rare in Uncirculated. The NGC population figure for this date is heavily inflated by resubmissions and I doubt if more than a dozen to fifteen AU58’s exist in addition to a small group of Uncircualted pieces.











1860-S $3.00 PCGS AU58




1860-S $3.00 PCGS AU58





Mintage: 7,000

Only five Three Dollar gold pieces were struck at the San Francisco mint and the 1860-S is the rarest collectible issue of these. The mintage figure for the 1860-S is 7,000 but it is believed that 2,592 were melted in December 1869 when it was discovered that they were lightweight. Today, an estimated 125-150 are known with probably no more than four or five properly graded Uncirculated pieces accounted for.









3 dollar gold coins







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AFRICA GOLD TRADE. AFRICA GOLD


Africa gold trade. Gold rate in usa today.



Africa Gold Trade





africa gold trade






    africa
  • (african) of or relating to the nations of Africa or their peoples; "African languages"

  • Africa is the world's second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. At about 30.2 million km? (11.7 million sq mi) including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of the Earth's total surface area and 20.4% of the total land area.Sayre, April Pulley.

  • The second largest continent (11.62 million square miles; 30.1 million sq km), a southward projection of the Old World landmass divided roughly in half by the equator and surrounded by sea except where the Isthmus of Suez joins it to Asia

  • the second largest continent; located to the south of Europe and bordered to the west by the South Atlantic and to the east by the Indian Ocean





    trade
  • (esp. of shares or currency) Be bought and sold at a specified price

  • engage in the trade of; "he is merchandising telephone sets"

  • Buy and sell goods and services

  • Buy or sell (a particular item or product)

  • the commercial exchange (buying and selling on domestic or international markets) of goods and services; "Venice was an important center of trade with the East"; "they are accused of conspiring to constrain trade"

  • the skilled practice of a practical occupation; "he learned his trade as an apprentice"





    gold
  • A deep lustrous yellow or yellow-brown color

  • A yellow precious metal, the chemical element of atomic number 79, valued esp. for use in jewelry and decoration, and to guarantee the value of currencies

  • coins made of gold

  • An alloy of this

  • amber: a deep yellow color; "an amber light illuminated the room"; "he admired the gold of her hair"

  • made from or covered with gold; "gold coins"; "the gold dome of the Capitol"; "the golden calf"; "gilded icons"











africa gold trade - Mali: Land




Mali: Land of Gold and Glory


Mali: Land of Gold and Glory



Introduce elementary and middle school students to the ancient African empire of Mali, and teach them about an amazing history--and about themselves. Mali, one of the most glorious but least known civilizations of the world, comes to life through vivid color photographs, timelines, maps...and the legends of the griots, or storytellers, who’ve preserved the past of Mali for millennia, handing down stories of brave kings from generation to generation.
The book is an introduction to an astonishing, little-known history, and it’s a vital, refreshing educational tool, packed with suggestions for games and activities that reinforce the history lessons. For instance, readers will learn how to play the "Trading Game," a life-or-death activity for the people who once practiced it. MALI: LAND OF GOLD AND GLORY is an invaluable entree into a place and a time that deserve more attention, especially among young people. "African-Americans were not dropped out of the sky with slavery as their beginning," said Andrew Prophett, the esteemed educator responsible for the development of Virginia’s new innovative elementary-level Mali curriculum. "That is not history."
Mali IS history, a civilization worthy of being studied along with those of Rome, Greece, Egypt, China, and India. MALI: Land of Gold and Glory makes that possible, bringing to life "a land of grand palaces and gold." As the narrator-griot sings in the book. "It was called the Bright Country and that was the way it was—a bright and shining place."










76% (6)





Meroe, Sudan




Meroe, Sudan





The site of the city of Meroe is marked by more than two hundred pyramids in three groups, of which many are in ruins. They are identified as Nubian pyramids because of their distinctive shape and proportions. Meroe was the southern capital of the Kushite Kingdom, or Napata/Meroitic Kingdom, that spanned the period c. 800 BC - c. 350 AD. Meroe was the base of a flourishing kingdom whose wealth was due to strong iron industry, plus an international trade involving India and China.

At the time, iron was one of the most researched metals worldwide, and Meroitic metalworkers were among the best in the world. Meroe also exported textiles and jewelry. Their textiles were based on cotton and working on this product reached its highest achievement in Nubia around 400 BC. Furthermore, Nubia was very rich in gold. Trade in "exotic" animals from farther south in Africa was another feature of their economy. It is possible that the Egyptian word for gold, nub, was the source of name of Nubia.
Modern archaeology in Sudan has been impossible because of the on-going civil war. In the nineteenth century, after the ruins at Meroe had been described by several European travellers, some treasure-hunting excavations were executed on a small scale in 1834 by Giuseppe Ferlini, who discovered (or professed to discover) various antiquities, chiefly in the form of jewelry, now in the museums of Berlin and Munich.

The ruins were examined more carefully in 1844 by Karl Richard Lepsius, who brought many plans, sketches, and copies, besides actual antiquities, to Berlin. Further excavations were carried on by E. A. Wallis Budge in the years 1902 and 1905, the results of which are recorded in his work, The Egyptian Sudan: its History and Monuments (London, 1907). Troops were furnished by Sir Reginald Wingate, governor of the Sudan, who made paths to and between the pyramids, and sank shafts.

It was found that the pyramids regularly were built over sepulchral chambers, containing the remains of bodies either burned or buried without being mummified. The most interesting objects found were the reliefs on the chapel walls, already described by Lepsius, and containing the names and representations of their queens, Candaces or the Nubian Kentakes, some kings, and with some chapters of the Book of the Dead; some stelae with inscriptions in the Meroitic language, and some vessels of metal and earthenware. The best of the reliefs were taken down stone by stone in 1905, and set up partly in the British Museum and partly in the museum at Khartoum.

In 1910, in consequence of a report by Archibald Sayce, excavations were commenced in the mounds of the town and the necropolis by J. Garstang on behalf of the University of Liverpool, and the ruins of a palace and several temples built by the Meroite rulers were discovered.













Tuareg: Blue Men of the Desert




Tuareg: Blue Men of the Desert





Who are the Tuareg?

Known by many names, Tuareg is Arabic for ‘abandoned by God’ as these people were resistant to conversion to Islam but in their indigenous language, the people call themselves the Imohag (Imouhar, Imuhagh), meaning ‘free men’. To some, they are known as the ‘Blue Men of the Sahara’ based on the indigo color of the cloth in the robes and veils they wear.

The origin of the Tuareg is uncertain but they are thought to be of Berber descent although today the term is used to identify numerous diverse groups of people of the Sahara Desert who share a common language and culture that is nomadic and pastoralist. Their presence was recorded as early as the 5th century BC by Herodotus when the Tuareg were already known for organizing caravans across the Sahara Desert. For over two millennia, they have controlled five trans-Saharan routes which have connected northern Africa (and thereby Europe) with sub-Saharan Africa. Gold, ivory, cola nuts, salt and slaves moved from south to north to be traded for copper and ceramics. The trans-Saharan trade routes still exist today but are now limited to the salt caravans.

Tuareg art is in the form of jewelry, leather, saddles and swords. Of interest, in Tuareg culture, it is men, rather than women, who veil themselves. The veil is donned upon reaching manhood and is considered a symbol of male identity; it is also thought to protect the wearer from evil spirits.

Photograph taken in the Sahara Desert, outside Timbuktu, Mali.










africa gold trade








africa gold trade




Diamonds, Gold, and War: The British, the Boers, and the Making of South Africa






Southern Africa was once regarded as a worthless jumble of British colonies, Boer republics, and African chiefdoms, a troublesome region of little interest to the outside world. But then prospectors chanced first upon the world's richest deposits of diamonds, and then upon its richest deposits of gold. What followed was a titanic struggle between the British and the Boers for control of the land, culminating in the costliest, bloodiest, and most humiliating war that Britain had waged in nearly a century, and in the devastation of the Boer republics.
Martin Meredith's magisterial account of those years portrays the great wealth and raw power, the deceit, corruption, and racism that lay behind Britain's empire-building in southern Africa. Based on significant new research and filled with atmospheric detail, it focuses on the fascinating rivalry between diamond titan Cecil Rhodes and Paul Kruger, the Boer leader whose only education was the Bible, who believed the earth was flat, yet who defied Britain's prime ministers and generals for nearly a quarter of a century. Diamonds, Gold and War makes palpable the cost of western greed to Africa's native peoples, and explains the rise of the virulent Afrikaner nationalism that eventually took hold in South Africa, with repercussions lasting nearly a century.










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ANCIENT GOLD COINS FOR SALE. COINS FOR SALE


ANCIENT GOLD COINS FOR SALE. GOLD ROUND STUD EARRINGS. STERLING AND GOLD BRACELET.



Ancient Gold Coins For Sale





ancient gold coins for sale






    gold coins
  • A gold coin is a coin made mostly or entirely of gold. Gold has been used for coins practically since the invention of coinage, originally because of gold's intrinsic value.

  • Gold dollar | Quarter Eagle ($2.50) | Three-dollar piece | Half Eagle ($5) | Eagle ($10) | Double Eagle ($20)

  • Coin minted in gold, such as the American Eagle or the Canadian Maple Leaf.





    for sale
  • purchasable: available for purchase; "purchasable goods"; "many houses in the area are for sale"

  • For Sale is the fifth album by German pop band Fool's Garden, released in 2000.

  • For Sale is a tour EP by Say Anything. It contains 3 songs from …Is a Real Boy and 2 additional b-sides that were left off the album.





    ancient
  • Having been in existence for a very long time

  • Showing or feeling signs of age or wear

  • belonging to times long past especially of the historical period before the fall of the Western Roman Empire; "ancient history"; "ancient civilizations such as those of the Etruscans and Sumerians"; "ancient Greece"

  • a person who lived in ancient times

  • Belonging to the very distant past and no longer in existence

  • a very old person











ancient gold coins for sale - Ancient Enemies




Ancient Enemies (Volume 2)


Ancient Enemies (Volume 2)



The story of "The Ancient" continues... Joseph Miller and Mike Samson are closing in on one of the Fallen on the busy streets of New York City, with the help of a young woman who just happens to grow fur and fangs. Little do they know someone from Miller's past is hunting them to settle a grudge over a thousand years old. Meanwhile, Lizzie Namgung is desperately searching for her missing friend Ann. Much to her surprise, so is the FBI. As a new evil spreads across the city of Newark, Lizzie finds herself caught in a web of murder, mayhem, and monsters. Ancient Awakening is a Horror/Action novel with just the right touch of comedy. Ancient Enemies is the second book in the series that follows the adventures of eccentric demon hunter Joseph Miller. His job is to defend the human race against seven mythical demons and their offspring. Unfortunately for us, he has been dead for the last hundred years. The series begins with Ancient Awakening, continues here with Ancient Enemies, and is followed by Ancient Revelations. The all-new second edition of Ancient Enemies is professionally edited and 55,700 words.










80% (10)





An Excessively Rare and Highly Important Roman Republican Gold Stater of Titus Quinctius Flamininus, the First Numismatic Portrait of a Living Roman Citizen, a Coin of the Highest Interest and Prestig




An Excessively Rare and Highly Important Roman Republican Gold Stater of Titus Quinctius Flamininus, the First Numismatic Portrait of a Living Roman Citizen, a Coin of the Highest Interest and Prestig





The Roman Republic

Titus Quinctius Flamininus, Consul in 198 BC

d=19 mm
Stater, Chalkis (?) Circa 196, AV 8.41 g. Bare head of Titus Quinctius Flamininus r. Rev. [T] QVINCTI Nike, standing l., holding palm in l. hand and wreath in r., crowing the name of the Consul. Babelon Quinctia 2. Bahrfeldt 9. Biaggi 9. Kraay-Himer 579 var. (legend downward). Kent-Hirmer 29 var. (legend downwards). C. Botre, RIN XCVI, p. 49 (this coin cited). C. Botre, SNR 76 pp. 65-73. Calico 29. Wealth of the Ancient World 109 (these dies). Crawford 548/1b.

Of the highest rarity, only ten specimens known of which four are in museums. An issue of

great historical importance, bearing the first portrait of a living Roman. An unusually

good portrait of the Consul in fine Hellenistic style. Light scratches on cheek,

a graffito and weakly struck on reverse, otherwise about extremely fine
Ex Leu 20, 1978, 79 and Triton IV, 1999, 179 sales.

Portraiture has long been recognized as the hallmark of Roman coinage, and since the gold staters of T. Quinctius Flamininus are the forbearers of that tradition, they are understandably among the great prizes of ancient coinage. The coin portrait was a Persian invention of the late 5th Century B.C. that was embraced by the Greeks about a century later, and was reluctantly adopted by the Romans in the 40s B.C. Once that Roman taboo was shattered by Julius Caesar and his successors, coin portraits became a tradition in which no Roman could find fault or shame. But the gold staters of Flamininus predate this by more than 150 years, and it is that quality, in concert with their beauty, historical context and rarity that make them the object of such admiration. Only a remarkable circumstance could account for such an issue, and we find it in 196 B.C., in the aftermath of the Roman defeat of the Macedonian army of King Philip V. It was a moment of great triumph, Rome’s international prestige reached a new height. The Romans had first encountered a professional Greek army in Southern Italy when they fought Pyrrhus, the king of Epirus, late in the 3rd Century B.C. Later still, the Romans defeated the Illyrians in 228 and 219, securing their first foothold in the Balkan peninsula. In doing so, however, they aroused the suspicions of the Macedonian King Philip V, who opened a second front against Rome in the midst of its terrifying war with Hannibal. Rome forged alliances with the Aetolians and other Greeks to keep Philip V at bay while they remained focused on Hannibal. Only in 205, after Rome had turned the tide against Carthage, were they in a position to negotiate peace with the Macedonians. The Romans had not forgotten the liberties Philip took during their time of weakness, and in 200 they intervened in his affairs at the request of their own allies in Greece and Asia. The consul Galba and his successor made little headway over the course of two years, but when Flamininus became a consul in 198 he fought with great vigour in Greece and Macedon. Upon learning that his consular powers would be renewed for the following year, Flamininus sabotaged the Macedonian diplomatic efforts so he could exact a more favorable settlement through his anticipated military success. His gamble paid off, and Flamininus roundly defeated the Macedonian at Cynoscephalae in 197. If possible, the terms for peace were more devastating than the battle: though Philip remained king of Macedon, he had to free every Greek city from his yoke, to pay an indemnity of 1,000 talents, and to forfeit all but six vessels from his navy. Thus we find the context for this gold stater: when Flamininus, on behalf of himself and the senate of Rome, proclaimed the freedom of all the cities of Greece. It is likely these coins were struck as a donative to the victorious army, though we probably will never know if the coins were produced by Flamininus or by the thankful Greeks. At least a portion of the mintage was paid to Roman legionnaires, since several of the known specimens have been found in Italy, and presumably were brought home by veterans of the Second Macedonian War (who returned to Italy almost immediately). In all but its Latin inscription, this coin is Greek. Its denomination is the attic-weight stater, its style and fabric are consistent with Greek coins of the period, its use of a portrait on the obverse (even if not diademed in a regal fashion) derives from the legacy of Greek royal portraiture and, finally, its reverse design is based upon the gold staters of the type introduced by Alexander the Great. They probably were distributed at the Isthmian Games in the summer of 196, the deadline by which Philip was to have withdrawn his garrisons from all Greek cities; it was an ideal occasion for Flamininus to proclaim his universal freedom, for Greeks had gathered there from throughout the Mediterranean world.

NAC39, 85











An Exceedingly Rare and Highly Important Roman Imperatorial Gold Aureus of M. Junius Brutus with L. Plaetorius Caestianus, One of Two Known Gold Aureii of the Famous EID MAR Type




An Exceedingly Rare and Highly Important Roman Imperatorial Gold Aureus of M. Junius Brutus with L. Plaetorius Caestianus, One of Two Known Gold Aureii of the Famous EID MAR Type





The Roman Republic

M. Junius Brutus with L. Plaetorius Caestianus. Aureus, mint moving with Brutus in Northern Greece 43-42, AV 7.84 g. BRVT IMP – L·PLAET·CEST Bare head of M. Junius Brutus r. Rev. Pileus between two daggers; below, EID·MAR. Sydenham –. B. –. Sear Imperators 215. H. Cahn, Actes du Congres Internationale de Numismatique, Paris 1953, p. 213 (this coin) = H. Cahn, Q. Tic 18, 1989, 24a (this coin). Calico 58 (this coin). Crawford –. Biaggi 39 (this coin)
Of the highest rarity, only two specimens known. A coin of tremendous fascination
and historical importance, which has been debated for decades among scholars.
Scratch on reverse field and pierced at twelve o’ clock, otherwise very fine

Ex NAC sale 27, 2004, 282. From the Biaggi collection.
Perhaps no coin of antiquity is as familiar, or as important, as the ‘eid mar’ issue of Brutus: its dagger-flanked liberty cap and explicit inscription are a simple and direct monument of one of the great moments in western history. So remarkable is the type that it elicited commentary from an ancient historian Dio Cassius (XLVII.25). The murder of the dictator Julius Caesar in the Senate House on the Ides of March, 44 B.C., is one of the major turning points in western history. It is impossible to know how history would have changed had Caesar not been murdered on that day, but the prospect certainly taxes one's imagination.
The designs are worth visiting in detail. The reverse testifies to the murder of Caesar by naming the date, by showing daggers as the instruments of delivery, and by showcasing the pileus, or freedman’s cap, as the fruit of the assassins’ undertaking. Though dozens of men were involved in the plot against Caesar, all are represented by only two daggers – a clear allusion to Brutus and Cassius as leaders of the coup and, subsequently, of the armed opposition to Antony and Octavian. Caesar was a populist, and an opportunist, bent upon dismantling the traditional arrangement of senatorial authority, which was based on the concentration of power within the hands of the ancient and elite families. In the minds of Brutus and his fellow conspirators, it was a struggle to maintain their traditional hold on power, and with that aim they struck down Caesar. This class struggle was couched in the terms of the ancient form of Republican government, and of Rome’s hatred for kings and autocrats; thus it comes as no surprise that the two daggers – indeed the two leaders Brutus and Cassius – follow the twin-symmetry of the two consuls, and even of Castor and Pollux, the mythical saviours of Rome.
The portrait is also of great interest and importance. The only securely identifiable portraits of Brutus occur on coins naming him imperator: the ‘eid mar’ denarii of Plaetorius Cestianus and the aurei of Servilius Casca and Pedanius Costa. Indeed, all other portraits on coins or other media are identified based upon these three issues, inscribed BRVTVS IMP on the aurei, and BRVT IMP on the denarii. Careful study has been made of the ‘eid mar’ series from the numismatic perspective by H. A. Cahn, and from the art-historical view by S. Nodelman. The latter has convincingly divided Brutus’ inscribed coin portraits into three main categories: a ‘baroque’ style portrait on the aurei of his co-conspirator Casca, a ‘neoclassical’ style on the aurei of his legatus Costa, and a ‘realistic’ style on the ‘eid mar’ of Cestianus. Nodelman describes the ‘eid mar’ portraits as ”the soberest and most precise” of all. Furthermore, he divides the ‘eid mar’ portraits into two distinct categories – ‘plastic’ and ‘linear’ – and suggests both were derived from the same sculptural prototype. The portrait on this particular coin belongs to Nodelman’s ‘plastic’ group, as it perfectly exemplifies the ”stability and simplicity of shape” that characterize this category.

NAC45, 42









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ancient gold coins for sale




Ancient Awakening






Hell comes home to Jersey. Seven ancient demons known as the Fallen have awakened in New Jersey after a hundred years. Fortunately for Mike and Ann, so has the one man who can stop them, Joseph Miller. Trapped in a hospital filled with mythical monsters, only together can they unravel the mystery of the Cursed and escape with not only their lives but their very humanity.

Ancient Awakening is a Horror/Action novel with just the right touch of comedy. It is the first book in the series The Ancient which follows the adventures of eccentric demon hunter Joseph Miller. His job is to defend the human race against seven mythical demons and their offspring. Unfortunately for us, he has been dead for the last hundred years. Ancient Awakening will be followed by Ancient Enemies and Ancient Revelations.

The second edition of Ancient Awakening is re-edited, re-cut, and re-"vamped" for maximum monster hunter action.










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